Table of contents
- How to Celebrate World Wetlands Day
- History of Wetlands Day
- What are Wetlands
- Types of Wetlands
- Facts about Wetlands
- Benefits of Wetlands
Last year the theme of world wetlands day was “wetlands and biodiversity”. This year the theme for Global wetlands day is “wetlands and water” WWD, shines a spotlight on wetlands that are the source of fresh water and encourage actions to restore them and also stop their losses. Only 2.5 percent of freshwater exists on earth and less than 1 percent is usable. The crisis of freshwater is growing faster and it threatens most of the people that are living in water-stressed countries while billions of people don’t have access to clean and fresh water. People are wasting freshwater in an alarming quantity that why there is a need for raising awareness.
The 2021 campaign of awareness will highlight the contributions of wetlands that maintain the quality and quantity of fresh water. Water and wetland have a collective role in sustaining life on earth.World Wetlands Day February 2nd, 2021 is the 50th Anniversary of the Ramsar convention.
This year World Wetlands Day (WWD2021) will be celebrated as a golden jubilee of the convection on wetlands, also known as Ramsar convection. The theme “wetland and water” shows the importance of wetlands and their role in clean water, water supply, sustainable livelihood, biodiversity, storm protection, and climate change adaptation.
How to Celebrate World Wetlands Day
There are many ways to get involved in the celebration of world wetlands day. Search for a wetland in your community or the country then make a plan of a trip to a wetland nearby and spent some good time with your family and friends. Spending a day in nature full of greenery may help you to decrease your work stress and may realize the importance of wetlands. Suppose there are no wetlands nearby then the below activities may help you to celebrate this wetland day with international importance.
1. Join an event in the international community or organize an event by yourself.
2. Organize a zoom conference, invite your friends and discuss the social importance of wetlands.
3. Invite your environmental science teacher or an expert on wetlands and discuss the importance of wetlands and freshwater with them.
4. Organize an exhibition to present the artwork, portraits of wetlands, or photo competition.
5. Raise public awareness under the theme “wetlands and water: their vital role in life”.
6. You can also write a blog or content article for any newspaper.
7. Share a relevant article, photos with hashtag #World Wetlands Day, #WWD2021, #Wetlands, and Water theme 2021, #Wetland sand Freshwater, #save water, #protect wetlands, etc on social media.
History of World Wetlands Day
Ramsar Convention on wetlands of international importance was signed by five countries at Ramsar in Iran on 2nd February 1971. Currently, Ramsar international convention has been signed by 171 parties around the world over 2400 Ramsar wetlands. It has been celebrated since 1977 to raise public awareness for the social values and benefits of wetlands.
What are Wetlands?
Wetland is an area covered by water on the soil surface or near the soil all year or varies to seasons. The presence of water on the soil surface determines how the soil develops biodiversity among plants and animals. Wetlands give support to both terrestrial and aquatic species. Scientifically the prolonged existence of water on the earth’s surface helps the growth of specially adapted plants and species.
Types of wetland
There are several factors like climatic conditions, regional differences in soil, water chemistry, hydrology, topography, vegetation, etc that varies wetlands in different categories. Based on these categories currently, there are approximately 2,000 wetlands in the world covering an area of 476,000 acres, and these are designated as wetlands of international importance. Generally, wetlands are separated into two main categories.
1. Coastal wetlands
2. Inland wetlands
Coastal wetlands are also known as tidal wetlands. They are found along the Gulf, Alaskan, Pacific, and Atlantic Coasts. Coastal wetlands are closely connected to the estuaries where the seawater mixes with the freshwater of different salinities. Sometimes salt and fluctuation due to tidal motion in coastal wetlands make the survival of some plants more difficult. However, most of them successfully adapt to this environment. Some types of grasses and wetlands plants that are similar to grasses are adapted to saline water can be found along the Atlantic coasts.
List of wetlands plants that are commonly found in the United States of America.
|Scientific Names||Common Names|
|Acorus americanus||Sweet flag|
|Abies Procera||Noble Fir|
|Abies fraseri||Fraser Fir|
|Abies balsamea||Balsam Fir|
Inland wetlands are commonly found on floodplains along streams, rivers, ponds, and lakes. They are also called non-tidal wetlands. Most of the non-tidal wetlands are seasonal and become dry when getting low precipitation. The quantity of water in Inland wetlands depends on the climatic conditions of the region. In Arid and semiarid regions for a short period, these wetlands lose water volume but remain wet. Such wetlands have a huge importance in the environment. Inland wetland consists of wet meadows consisting of herbaceous plants, marshes, swamps having shrubs, wetlands plants, etc. Approximately 5,000 species live in the wetlands of America.
List on common wetland animals
Facts about Wetlands
Here are some of the general facts about world wetlands.
1. Globally more than 19,500 species either animal species or plant species that directly depend on wetlands for survival.
2. Wetlands are the most diversified zones of biodiversity compared to other biome ecosystems.
3. Ramsar convention protects approximately 2,000 wetlands having an area of 475,000 acres.
4. World Wetlands Day is globally celebrated on February 2nd of each year to raise awareness regarding the protection and importance of world wetlands.
5. Wetlands are the natural storage of water that helps to prevent flooding.
Benefits of wetlands
Rationally, one may think about why we need wetlands or why are wetlands important because there isn’t any economic benefit of wetlands. There was a time when wetlands were considered useless that may spread diseases like malaria, yellow fever, etc. But the time comes when the world realizes the importance of wetlands. Nowadays you can find the countless social benefits of wetlands. Some of the most common are discussed below.
1. Wetlands produce enough amount of food that attracts most of the animal species. The feeding relationship among the species living in a wetland environment is referred to as the food web, that’s why someone called it “biological supermarkets”—that sounds cool.
2. According to the Environmental protection Agency (EPA) due to unique characteristics like water with land and freshwater mixed with salt, wetlands are a shelter for migratory birds and also for many endangered species like waterfowl, shellfish, songbirds, etc.
3. Rice is a staple food that is consumed globally by 3.5 billion people and grows in wetlands in many parts of the world.
4. Wetland improves water quality, reduces flood damages, and protects the shoreline from erosion.
5. It’s a general quotation that trees are the lungs of the planet earth while wetlands work as a kidney of the planet. Wetland demonstration project on Rouge River near Detroit showed a significant reduction in heavy metals, nitrates, phosphorus which means wetlands are pollution filters.
There are several severe global issues like greenhouse gases, climate change, global warming, etc. Our mother earth needs our attention to reduce carbon emissions so that the emerging environmental issues can be resolved and our future generations can live a sustainable life on earth.
Shopycone is a platform with a vision of raising public awareness on environmental issues. This is a small effort that we can do because we care about sustainable living and most definitely we care about the environment.