Deforestation is the complete removal of trees from the earth’s surface without following the threshold level standardized by international environmental bodies.
The speedy rate of deforestation will cause environmental sustainability challenges on earth.
Approximately, 18 million acres is an annual estimated figure of deforestation according to Food and agriculture organization (FAO). No one tries to understand the causes of deforestation that would create huge environmental problems in the future. There are countless benefits of forests that cannot be ignored when it comes to discussing something about forests. Skeptics claim that climate change, global warming, etc are just a normal planetary cycle but researchers and scientists have scientific reasons to prove the connection between climate change and deforestation. However, Forests play a very important role in the life of every living organism on this planet. Some categories of facts about forests, deforestation information, and facts of deforestation are mentioned below
- The total land surface covered by forests around the globe is 30 percent.
- Forests are sources of timber, wood; medicine, food, and they act as purifiers in the environment.
- It cleans water and air, saves land from erosion, also decreases the earth’s temperature by absorbing carbon and releasing oxygen.
- Forests increase the beauty of the land, promote tourism, and wildlife activities are the common benefits of forests.
- Industries like medicine, paper, furniture, tourism, wildlife have a direct connection with forests.
- There are 121 remedies in natural rain forests that can be used as a cure.
- The major causes of deforestation are an increase in agriculture activities, infrastructure development, and urbanization
- Environmentalists predict that within 100 years there will be no rain-forests on the earth’s surface and the reason behind this is deforestation and there is a high chance of extinction of 28,000 forest animals in the next 25 years due to deforestation.
- The increase in carbon emission up to 10 percent from the last several decades is due to the loss of forestation.
- There are harmful effects of deforestation on human life and on the life of endangered animals.
- The greed of the dollar or the greed of profit and the shortsighted policies regarding the environment are the main factors behind deforestation.
- Recycling of paper, reuse of woods, and use of an eco-friendly product can bring a significant decrease in deforestation
- Awareness regarding deforestation is also the best option to stop this insane activity that is putting the lives of thousands of animals and a sustainable environment. So share it with your friends.
- In 2019 it was estimated that the rate of deforestation is equal to the loss of 30 football fields in every minute.
- Approximately 70 % of the paper and half t the world’s timber is consumed in the United States, Europe, and Japan.
- Indonesia has lost 15 million acres of forest during the period from 2000 to 2012, it is the highest rate of deforestation in the world.
- Globally, the total commercial wood market is more than the US $ 200 billion per year.
- Forests are the source of food, water, and livelihood in the ecosystem but it is believed that the global demand for food could be double by 2050, which means that more forests will be cut down for more farmlands. There is a need for research on efficiency in farmlands and more sustainable alternatives to meet the future demand for food rather than deforestation.
- Forests maintain the water cycle, helps buffer against storm damage, erosion stabilize coastlines and flood cycle.
- Deforestation decreases biodiversity including the extinction of plants and rare animals.
What is a Rainforest?
Rainforest can be defined as a large, congested jungle that gets a huge amount of rainfall. It receives rainfall of ranges between 100-400 inches annually. The weather of tropical rainforests remains hot (21 to 30 degrees Celsius) and highly humid.
Importance of Rainforests
Rainforests play the role of lungs for the earth as it balances the amount of oxygen in the atmosphere. Tropical forests are the absorber of carbon dioxide from the air and purify it. Forests ecosystem provides food and shelter for forest animals. The tropical rainforest’s climate stabilizes the water cycle of the atmosphere. It releases moisture in the atmosphere that comes to the ground in form of rain.
Facts About Rainforests
As we generally discussed some of the facts about forests. Now we are clear to discuss some important facts about the rainforests.
- Rainforests are considered the oldest ecosystem on the planet, some can trace their origin to over 70 million years ago back to a time when dinosaurs still run the earth.
- There are two types of rainforests that are scattered across the globe, i.e. Temperate and tropical.
- Temperate rainforests are mainly found in the middle latitudes located near colder coastal mountain regions.
- Tropical rainforests’ location primarily includes wormer climates between the tropic of cancer and the tropic of Capricorn.
- Rainforests are the natural defensive unpaid tools against climate change. Not only its clean air but also it balances ocean currents, wind, and rainfall.
- It maintains the global temperature below 2°C.
- Tropical rainforests covered 3 percent of the land on earth but it provides shelter to half of the world’s forests animals and species.
- One rainforest size is equal to 40 football playgrounds that disappear in each minute.
- Rainforests provide a few of the important lifesaving medicines. According to research published in the International Journal of Oncology, almost 60 percent of the anti-cancer drugs are sourced from natural resources including rainforest plants.
- The rate of deforestation of rainforests is 85 Acres in each minute, already lost 15.8 million hectares of tropical rainforests.
- Since the 1960s, almost half of the rainforests have been lost. Every day about 200,000 acres (81,000 hectares) of rainforests are burned worldwide.
- UN food and agriculture organization claimed that 25 percent of the world’s population depends on forest resources.
- The percentage of tropical dry forests is between 40 to 43 percent and its vulnerable habitat for endangered species.
- Rainforests need conservation, world thinktankers and policymakers should notice it as top priorities.
- More than 25 % of the world’s population depends on forest resources and 1.2 billion use timber to generate income.
- The tropical rainforest climate gets rainfall of 250cm that can possibly reach 400-450 inches in one year.
- The climate of each continent is favorable for rainforests and rainforests exist in each continent except Antarctica.
- It’s a fact of tropical forests that there are 1500 flowering plant species and 750 types of trees within every four square miles distance in tropical forests.
- Tropical rainforests ecosystem support sustainable living, more than half of world animal lives in tropical rainforests including rare terrestrial animal species.
- Tropical rainforest animals include insects, birds, frogs, tigers, mountain gorillas, many omnivores, etc. There are 2,000 varieties of butterflies in the rainforests of South America.
- Tropical rainforests biome includes many animals that help in pollination of tropical foodstuff such as mangoes, bananas, etc.
- Tropical forests are so dense that rainfall takes 10 minutes to reach the ground from the canopy.
- Congo basin of central Africa is the world’s second-largest rainforest after the Amazon rainforest in Brazil.
- Before industrialization, 6 million square miles of the earth’s surface were covered by rainforests but it has been partially cut by human intervention.
- We can conserve rainforests by consuming the products that bear the rainforests Alliance Certified seal.
Facts About the Amazon Rainforest
- Amazon rainforest is the biggest rainforest in the world with 16000 varieties of trees.
- It is believed that Amazon rainforests provide 20 percent of the oxygen out of the total amount of oxygen in the atmosphere.
- Animal ranching fields are the top causes of deforestation in the Amazon
- Amazon forest animals are; 400 species amphibians, 427 mammals, 2000 bird species, 378 reptiles, and 2.5 million insects.
- Amazon rainforest weather remains hot and humid with an average of 27 to 28 degrees Celsius.
- Amazon rainforest deforestation rate remains 20 percent from the last few years.
- Almost two-third part of the Amazon rainforest is in Brazil where 70 percent vanished due to deforestation in Brazil.
- There are around 400-500 indigenous tribes who live in Amazon rainforests. Some have their own traditional culture and languages and had never contact with the rest of the world.
- Deforestation of Amazon rainforests for agriculture and other commercial activities are the reason for the extinction of 137 rainforest animals and plant species on daily basis.
- In every second 1.5 acres area is cutting down for cattle ranching. In recent years Amazon rainforests have lost 20% of green forests to the built trans-Amazonian highway.
- Brazil’s space research center recorded 72,843 Amazon forest fires so far. Amazon rainforest fire 2019 lasted for 20 days.
- Amazon rainforest gets a very low precipitation rate from 2005 to 2010 that causes severe droughts. During this time period, the Rio Negro Tributary was recorded on the lowest level that causes dead woods and Greenhouse Gases. It can also possibly intensify the chances of forest fires
- Some of the most dangerous animals that live in the Amazon rainforest are Poison draft frog, meat-eating fish called pirarucu, and venomous snakes, etc.
- Amazon rainforest is one of the beautiful and unique natural habitats for animals, birds, and insects. But unfortunately, commercialization has a huge threat to Amazon in terms of deforestation.
- International Organizations in collaboration with some countries are working for the conservation of the Amazon rainforest. They have protected 114 areas that are known as Amazon regional Protected Areas.
Facts About Amazon River:
- Amazon River is also called Rio solimoes, it is the biggest river of South America.
- In terms of volume of water, it contributes enough quantity of water which is 5 times more than any other river on the earth’s surface.
- On the basis of its area covered by its basin and the volume of its flow, the Amazon River is the earth’s largest drainage system.
- Amazon River starches over 9 American countries with the length of 6,400 kilometers (4000 miles), a slightly shorter than River Nile makes its position 2nd largest river on the earth surface.
- The most astonishing fact about the Amazon River is that; it provides 20% of the ocean’s freshwater supply. Amazon River delta in North Brazil contributes one-fifth of the freshwater to the Atlantic Ocean.
- In 2007, a Slovenian athlete named Martin strel makes a historical world record for long-distance swimming (5,268 Km) in the Amazon River almost its entire length within 66 days
- There are no bridges on the Amazon River to cross it because it flows along the Amazon rainforest. Manaus in Brazil is the largest city nearer to the Amazon River with a population of 1.7 million people.
- Amazon River has been in existence for more than 50 million years ago. Today it falls into the Atlantic Ocean but about 10 million years ago it is said that it was flowing in its opposite direction and fall into the Caribbean Sea. Researchers are trying to find out its perfect explanation.
- There are approximately 200 tributaries that directly flow into the Amazon River.
- Norway donates billions of dollars to Brazil for the conservation of natural resources and rainforests. Norway is among the biggest donors in the world that work for the protection of tropical rainforests.
Like Norwegians, every country should work for the conservation of natural resources so that there is less chance of extinction of animal species, plant species, efficient use of natural resources and future generations can also live a sustainable life of the earth.
The list of environmental problems is expanding with the passage of time. Industrialization, overconsumption of resources, overproduction, and the irresponsible attitude of humans towards environmental challenges are the causes of environmental problems. Effects of deforestation will bring severe problems for upcoming generations. It is better for the world’s leaders to start worrying about the consequences of environmental problems on sustainable living. Here are some small tips to save trees and plants from human deforestation.
- If the market power of the corporate sector can destroy forests for commercial purposes then they also can restore the forests by introducing “zero deforestation policies”. It means that suppliers of timber and other commercial products produced from deforestation will be accountable for their production.
- Forests are home to indigenous people for many years; let’s stand with indigenous people’s rights on traditional land.
- To make our environment clean and green we should consume eco-friendly products, consume less and recyclable products rather than single-use consumable products.
- Through the educational campaign, cooperation with local communities deforestation rate could be slow down that can help to preserve rainforests for many future generations.
- There should be policies on a national and international level that can introduce sustainable forests-based livelihoods. New policies based on incentivizing conservation of nature are also an effective approach to save natural resources.
- To reduce the use of paper on an individual level, effective policies should be practiced to set a limit for the consumption of papers in the paper industry.
- Every citizen should plant at least 5 trees in the surrounding, in case there is some free space.
- Cutting of trees above the stump, not to cut it below the threshold level so that it can grow again.
- Afforestation a barren land, hills, and mountains can also lead to increase forests on earth.
- World leaders and sovereign state officials should start objective-based projects and master plans like sustainable development goals, Paris Agreement with rural and local communities for the conservation of forests that is a proven strategy to keep forests alive.
We are trying to cover all the information relevant to facts of deforestation, facts about Amazon rainforests also knowledge about rainforests, and solutions for deforestation. But here are the most frequent questions about Amazon rainforests searched by millions of people on different websites. We select the top three questions and will try to answer them in simple words so that everyone can understand them.
Questions frequently searched on the internet
Question1: How big is the Amazon rainforest?
Answer: Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest that covers 2.1 million square miles of land area located in South America. It covers almost 6 percent of the earth’s surface and is spread over 9 countries. 60 % of the Amazon rainforest lies in Brazil, 13% in Peru, 10% in Colombia while the small portion touches the rest of the countries’ borders.
Question2: Why is the Amazon rainforest important?
Answer: Amazon rainforest plays a vital role in the world’s oxygen and the carbon cycle. There are more than 40,000 plant species providing benefits like food and shelter for millions of rainforest animals, purifying the air, stabilizing the earth’s temperature, home for indigenous tribes, etc. Many medicines are also sourced from rainforests plants, herbs, and also the food we eat like coffee, pepper, chocolate, Vanilla, cinnamon are consumable food products grown in rainforests. Amazon rainforest animal lives in one of the most diversified ecosystems and reason for living for rare animal species. But when rainforests catch fires due to any reason those animal species suffer the most and also emit carbon into the atmosphere at an alarming rate. There is a dare of taking solid steps for the conservation of rainforests.
Question3: What animals live in the Amazon rainforest?
Answer: Here is the list of Amazon rainforest animals. The exact quantity of all these species might be less or more than the figures below but this is what we had on the given source.
This content is purely based on the information related to forests and facts of deforestation which has been taken directly from different authentic sources, websites, blogs, etc. Shopycone is a platform struggling for the conservation of the environment and sustainable life on earth. We are raising an awareness campaign on the social benefits of natural resources, following a common method of writing content for awareness on rising issues in the environment. We also provide unbiased reviews on organic and eco-friendly products because we care about you and also we care about the environment.